Rock Tea enjoys a long history. Being one of the top tea
in China, it is also the forefather of Oolong tea. It
played an important role in the tea development in China.
During the North and South Dynasty (about 479 A.D) the
tea had already been well-known. Later in Song and Yuan
Dynasty it was paid as a tribute to the royal family.
In the sixth year of Dade Reign in Yuan Dynasty (about
1302 A.D), a Royal Tea Garden was set up by the bank of
the Fourth-bend of the river. In Ming Dynasty tea makers
improved the tea-processing techniques, thus producing
the oolong tea, which is the present Rock tea. In the
17th century, Wuyi tea was even sold abroad and enjoyed
an even greater reputation.
Wuyi Rock Tea, with its "special rock charm and
fragrance" is well-known at home and abroad. The
most famous is the Big Rode Tea for it is the King of
The Wuyi Rock Tea is especially noted for its high quality,
due to its natural environment of green mountains and
clear waters, as well as its unique techniques. Therefore
when you drink the tea, you'll fell an everlasting fragrance
in your mouth. The "rock charm" of the tea has
always been a delight and a desire.
The main component of Wuyi Tea is middle-sized
or small-sized leaves and tea made of these leaves is
called Wuyi rock-essence tea, which is the earliest Oolong
Tea and the treasure of Oolong Tea. It grows in the area
governed by Wuyishan City.
meaning of Wuyi rock-essence tea: It’s Oolong
Tea with unique flavor grown in specific natural ecological
environment in Mount Wuyi, bred and cultivated from proper
tea trees and made with unique traditional technology.
The traditional varieties of Wuyi rock-essence tea are:
Shuixian, Rougui, Wuyicaicha, Aijiaooolong and so on.
Rare varieties: Chosen from Wuyicaicha,
there are Big-Red-Robe, Tieluohan, Baijiguan, Shuijinggui,
Bantianyao, Beidou and so on.
Products of Wuyi rock-essence tea are divided into Big-Red-Robe,
Mingcong, Rougui, Shuixian and Qizhong.
We mainly plant and make Oolong Tea as well as Black
Tea and Green Tea.
The sale of Wuyi Tea: As export was
forbidden before Ming Dynasty, it was mostly for the domestic
market. People used to trade tea for horses in Shanxi
and Nermeng, which extended to Russia later on. At the
end of Ming Dynasty, merchants from Holland, England and
France came to purchase Wuyi Tea and sold it to European
markets. Nowadays, besides export, Wuyi rock-essence tea
is mainly sold to south Fujian and Guangdong and is beginning
to enter markets of North China. Black tea is still sold
to European countries.
Legend of "the Big Rode Tea"
The Big Rode Tea is regarded as the King of the Wuyi
Rock Tea. It's once paid as a tribute to the royal family.
It's our national essence. Due to its magic fragrance,
clear taste and refreshing charm, it has been well-known
at home and abroad. According to the legend: during the
Qing Dynasty, a scholar wanted to Beijing for an official
examination. When he got to Tianxin Temple (now the Yongle
Temple) in Wuyi mountains, he suddenly felt a stomache.
But instantly after he drank the tea given by the monks
in Tianxin Temple, he got recovered. Thus he went just
in time for the examination. Moreover he won the title
of the Number One Scholar. To thank the tea, the scholar
came back himself to pay a homage to the tea. He burned
scents and put his own big rode on the tea, thus giving
rise to its present name.
It is engaged in textual research
that there were tea plantation A.D.200 in Wuyi Mountain
moved from southwest of China. Wuyi Tea was praised in
A.D.479-502. The earliest recorded history was in A.D.806-820.
Mr Sunqiao of Tang Dynasty praised Wuyi Tea as lately
sweeten marquis with personification.
Great prosperity Period:
In A.D.976, the tea cake stamped with
the designs of dragon and phoenix was made and paid tribute
to the emperor . The famous poet Luyou praised that Wuyi
Tea was the best all over the country.
In A.D.1302, the Royal Tea Farm was
built beside the Jiuqu River of Wuyi Mountain. It had
existed for 255 years of Yuan and Ming Dynasties.
Tea Art of Wuyi Rock-essence Tea:
Burn incense and be calm . Burn the
mineral water. Show the tea to the guests
Pour the boiled water on the teapot. Drop the Oolong
tea into the teapot
Pour the boiled water into the teapot from high position.
Spring wind fondle the face
Oolong enters the sea. Pour the boiled water on the
teapot once more
The mother feeds her child. The lucky Dragon falls the
rain . Phoenix bowing
Conjugal Harmony . Carp Leaping into the Dragon’s Gate.
Severing the Scented Tea .Appreciate the Tea Water. Smell
Fine Frangrance . Sip Tea.